Homolog

From CoGepedia
Revision as of 16:55, 6 August 2009 by Elyons (Talk | contribs) (Created page with 'Genomic regions and features that share a common ancestry. Although there are different definitions of this term, for comparative genomics work, this definition is the simplest....')

(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to: navigation, search

Genomic regions and features that share a common ancestry. Although there are different definitions of this term, for comparative genomics work, this definition is the simplest. If two genes are said to be homologous with respect to one another, then they share a common ancestral gene. In such a case, these genes are homologs. With this definition, such phrases as “95% homolgous” is nonsensical. Things are either homologous, or not. The only exception would be gene fusion events, whereby a new gene is created by the fusion of two other genes (or domains thereof).